Tire Treads

Tire treads are the rubber that are on the exterior of the tire; it is what makes contact with the road, or surface being driven on. The purpose of the tread is to provide traction. However, as the tires continue to be used over time, the amount of traction that it provides decreases. This is because the treads will wear down, but that does not mean it is the end of the tire’s life. Tires can be retreaded and then put back to good use.

In most treading, you will find what is called a tread pattern. The tread pattern is the pattern of grooves that are etched into the treading. A common misconception is that the patterns are the treading, rather than, simply, the grooves in the treading.

There are many types of pattern designs, some of which offer different performance depending on the surface and weather conditions.

Tread Patterns

Key benefits of tread patterns

  •  Thermal Radiation Effect
  •  Improved Cornering And Stability
  •  Water Dispersion
  •  Enhanced Brake Force, Driving And Traction

Major Thread Patterns And Their Features


High performance vehicle tires feature the word “ROTATION” and a directional arrow, when the tire is fitted according to the prescribed direction, the tire has ideal water dispensation capabilities.


Side facing outwards (inwards)
Multi patterns across the face of the tire, this feature offers increased performance and stability of cornering, outer portions usually feature large tread blocks, while smaller inner blocks displaces water.

Asymmetrical/ unidirectional

These dual pattern tires allows for high dry surface performance on both inner and outer treads, these dual characteristics make for performance flexibility.

Examples of Different Thread Patterns