What is the difference between taller tires and wider tires?
This really has to do with the differential and the chassis. The taller the tires, the more clearance it gives. While the wider the tires, the more traction you will have.
Why do four wheelers usually have 35 inch tires on?
This size or smaller is a requirement for most trails.
How do you put on a tire that is larger than a 31 inch, on your rig?
To put a tire larger than 31 inches on a rig, you will have to lift your vehicle. There are different laws related to lifting that vary by state so you will want to become familiar with those laws.
Do I have to do anything special to re-balance my truck when I go to a larger tire size?
Yes, when you go to a larger tire size, you have to re-gear your front ends and your rear ends. You have to do this in order to offset the size of the new tires.
I want to lift my truck. Is there anything that I should be concerned about?
Yes. When you lift your truck, the center of gravity of the vehicle changes. When the center of gravity for your truck changes, the chances that you will have rollovers increases.
Are there any disadvantages to reducing my tire pressure for the trails?
Yes, there is. Low tire pressure limits the performance of your truck. Trucks with low tire pressure will under perform at speeds exceeding 15 mph, their gear ratio will be lowered, and their tires’ sidewalls are more vulnerable to damage.
Is there any real advantage to the truck when we air down the tires for trails?
Yes, reducing the tire pressure is actually the best way to improve the performance of your vehicle when driving off road.
How does the ‘All-Terrain’ tread really work?
This tread is designed to handle most terrains with ease. It performs well on rocks and sand and on highways. It can get a bit noisy on the streets, though.
How can I find the true measurement of tires that I am buying?
To find the true measurement of tires, you can mark the bottom of the tire and make a single revolution then you measure and divide the distance by pi (3.14, or 22/7).
Is there a standard rate at which I should expect my tires to lose air?
There is really no ‘standard rate’. However, tires generally lose air at around a pound each month.
Can the temperature affect my tires?
Yes. The pressure of the tires is affected by the temperature. Your tire loses a pound for every drop of ten degrees in the temperature.
Can under-inflation cut gas mileage?
In fact, it can. Under-inflation of your tires, by about 6 psi, can cut your gas mileage by up to 3%.
Are mud tires good for rain, too?
No, mud tires are only for mud. In the rain on streets and highways, mud tires give the worst performance and are very noisy.
Off road tires
Off road tires are designed for terrain that is more difficult to manage. As a result of this, the patterns that are on the treading are more like individual projections, like studs. These patterns help the vehicle to remain manageable in terrain that is muddy or rocky. These individual notches allow the tire to grip into the terrain, whether it is mud, or another surface, and helps the driver to maintain control of the vehicle and prevent the vehicle from getting stuck, especially when it comes to the muddier terrains. When used on asphalt, off road tires will wear down very quickly. This is due to the fact that they have much less contact area to the surface, which is very well suited for off road expeditions.
History of tires
1493-1495 – Discovery of rubber by Christopher Columbus.
1770 – Application of rubber for erasers and waterproof clothing.
1839 – Discovery of a rubber vulcanization method by Goodyear (USA).
1885 – Invention of the 4-stroke petrol engine by Daimler (Germany).
1888 – Invention of the pneumatic tire by J.B. Dunlop (UK).
1896 – Fixing of tires to automobile wheels first began.
Is sipping a good way to increase traction?
Yes, it is. Sipping allows the tires to run much cooler. It also increases tire durability by 15-20%. This is a very cost effective method of increasing traction, especially in conditions such as snow and ice.
How does the inflation level of the tires affect my vehicle?
It is important that your tires are adequately inflated. If your tires are underinflated, your engine will have to work harder to keep the vehicle moving. Tires that are not adequately inflated also wear much easier and faster. They also affect the overall handling and steering of the truck.
What is the best way to rotate tires? Side to side, or front to back?
This really depends on the type of tires. If you are using radial tires, then from side to side will be good. However, if you are using bias ply tires, then the best way to go would be from front to back.
I have noticed that most four wheelers drop the pressure of their tires for the trail. Why is that?
This is because they want to increase the traction.
While driving, is it possible to tell that the pressure of my tires is too low?
Yes. If you hear a squealing sound coming from your tires when driving around a corner, your tire pressure is too low.
How much pressure can a tire lose without looking flat?
It is possible for a tire to lose up to half of its total pressure and still not appear flat.
Does pressure reduction work in snow or ice?
No. Never reduce the pressure in your tires to increase traction when you have to deal with snow, or ice.
Is it ok to have different tires on the front from the back?
No, this is not ok. Your tires should match, as this will affect the way you are able to handle the vehicle.
How can I know if I am buying the right tire for my vehicle?
Aside from knowing the size that you use, you can bear in mind that it is never a good idea to buy tires that have a lower speed rating or a lower load index, than the tires that were originally on the vehicle. We are always happy to provide you with a consultation.
Why is it that when the tires are not fully inflated, they were easily?
When the tires of your truck are under inflated too much surface area touches the road. When this happens, the tires wear down much quicker, as there is too much friction and heat produced between the tire and the road.
Is it important to rotate tires? If so, why?
Yes, rotating your tires can be very helpful. Each tire on your vehicle supports a different weight, so when you rotate them, you are changing the weight that they will be supporting. When this happens, the tires take a longer time to wear down and in effect, you can lengthen the tire life.
Is there any scenario in which I should not reduce tire pressure when going off road?
Yes. Do not reduce the pressure of your tires off road if you are working with half inch tires. This is because the bead that is found in tires of these sizes are not deep enough to keep the tire on the vehicle under reduced pressure while driving off road.
How wide is the contact area of the tire?
This is about six square inches at any given time. It is this six square inch measurement that is responsible for keeping your entire vehicle in control.
Street tires are designed to handle street conditions. The tread patterns in the treading of street tires allows the tires to expel water that the tire comes into contact with. This prevents water from building up between the tires and the road surface. When water builds up between the tires and the street, this reduces the traction and may cause the vehicle to not respond readily to the control inputs of the driver.The deeper the grooves in the treading the better the rainy weather performance. Tires that are intended for dry weather use usually have relatively shallower grooves. This feature provides more contact with the road surface.